TCI’s research and projects in India consider the factors that influence both a household’s ability to access food—such as income, employment and the ability to afford safe, high-quality, and diverse foods in sufficient quantities—and an individual’s intake and ability to absorb and utilize his or her share of the household’s total nutrient/food basket, which could differ depending on the individual’s age, gender, level of empowerment, household dynamics, cultural practices, or even physiological life stage (e.g., pregnancy and infancy require unique diets and care practices).
The TCI Conceptual Framework explains the mediating factors and pathways which lead to improved nutrition security at the household and individual level.
Our Goal: Address the broader issues of nutrition security at the household and individual level.
Our Target Population: Rural households and individuals – in particular women and young girls – who are dependent on agriculture for food and income
Our Approach: TCI research focuses on four interlocking areas for analyzing nutritional outcomes in Indian rural areas and evaluating the pathways that could lead to improved individual nutrition and well-being.
Agriculture – Nutrition Pathways
While it is well understood that positive maternal and child health outcomes can be achieved through multiple pathways, TCI believes the pathways linking agriculture and nutrition can create the most profound and lasting impacts for improved nutrition and well-being.
Therefore, we have identified and oriented our applied research along four such pathways:
- The income pathway, where gains in household income can translate to better food affordability and other positive impacts.
- The food access pathway, including a household’s access to sufficient, diverse, and quality food year-round.
- The positive nutrition–behavior pathway, where interventions attempt to equalize food allocation among individuals within a common household and optimize early childhood care practices.
- Nutrient absorption through improvements in the health–environment pathway, which links access to clean water and improved sanitation and hygiene practices to better nutritional health.
Key research themes and intervention areas
Our priority research themes and intervention areas overlap with our understanding of Agriculture-Nutrition Pathways, as laid out in the TCI Conceptual Framework (see above).
To learn more about our priority research areas, visit the following links: