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Cornell University

Tata-Cornell Institute for Agriculture and Nutrition

Alcohol Ban and Crime: The ABC’s of the Bihar Prohibition


We study the relationship between alcohol consumption and crime, following an alcohol prohibition in Bihar in 2016. Using a difference-in-differences approach, we explore the differential effects of alcohol on different crime types. We find that the prohibition led to a 0.22 standard deviation point reduction in reported violent crimes without significantly impacting nonviolent crimes. Heterogeneity tests reveal stronger effects in interior districts and those with higher baseline alcohol consumption or fewer religious restrictions on alcohol consumption. 

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