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Cornell University

Tata-Cornell Institute for Agriculture and Nutrition

Nutrition-Sensitive Food Systems and Biofortified Crops


The realization that economic growth is a necessary but insufficient condition for improving
the nutritional status has led to a paradigm shift in addressing malnutrition through nutrition-sensitive
development. Biofortification is one such nutrition-sensitive food system intervention designed to supply
crucial micronutrients through staple diets to undernourished populations that may not otherwise be able
to consume diversified diets. Biofortified foods can provide 35–50% of the daily estimated average
requirement of micronutrients. Biofortification is still at a nascent stage, however, and the state may help
in developing a value chain for biofortified. The paper discusses pragmatic policy interventions in that direction.

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