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Cornell University

Tata-Cornell Institute for Agriculture and Nutrition

Farmer Producer Organization Hub

As the world’s population increases and the demand for agricultural products rises, small farms have an opportunity to play a big role and reap many benefits, if they can join together to form farmer producer organizations (FPOs) to increase their aggregate size. Using a data-driven, analytical approach, the FPO Hub of TCI’s Center of Excellence serves as a repository of learnings, information, and knowledge for the advancement of FPOs in India.

Two women selling tomatoesThe Hub aims to create lessons, tools, and resource pathways to strengthen small farm aggregators while simultaneously catalyzing a community of practice of funders, implementors, and policy stakeholders.

TCI researchers will gauge the results of farmer aggregation globally, highlighting case studies from India and Mexico for comparison, in order to:

  • Identify successful and unsuccessful strategies for making FPOs economically sustainable and boosting agricultural growth.
  • Assess how FPOs come together to form inclusive agribusiness entities that are integrated into the full production and supply cycle.
  • Clarify how FPOs access essential infrastructure and inputs, leverage new marketing opportunities, and reach a wider customer base.
  • Evaluate the effect farmer producer organizations have on smallholder market linkages, social/gender inclusion and empowerment, nutrition sensitivity in markets development, and overall welfare.

The Hub is funded through a $1 million grant from the Walmart Foundation.

Database for Indian FPOs

An integral part of the FPO Hub is TCI’s Database for Indian FPOs. The database brings together information on thousands of FPOs to facilitate research on small-farm aggregation models. Through the interactive, web-based dashboard, researchers can access a wealth of data, such as crops produced, founding years, and sponsoring agencies.

Access the Database for Indian FPOs

FPO Blog Series

This series of blog posts explores India’s small farm aggregation landscape using data from the Database for Indian FPOs.

In this blog post, TCI Scholar Ekta Joshi discusses the history of small farm aggregation in India and examines trends in FPO formation, including membership size, distribution among states, and year-to-year registrations.

In this blog post, Research Support Specialist Ali Ilahi assesses farm aggregation trends in Maharashtra, the state with the most FPOs in all of India.


Mathew Abraham, Leslie Verteramo Chiu, Ekta Joshi, Ali Ilahi, and Prabhu Pingali, Food Policy, Volume 110, July 2022.